OCCURRENCE AND ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL CONTAMINANTS BASED ON FOOD RECALLS IN CANADA

Mohd Taufiq Mohd KHAIRI, Sallehuddin IBRAHIM, Mohd Amri Md YUNUS, Mahdi FARAMARZI, Jaysuman PUSPPANATHAN, Azwad ABID

Abstract

This paper investigates the association between types of food products, physical contaminants and year using food recalls dataset obtained from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) between 2014 and 2019. In the period of studies, a total of 269 foods under the category of physical hazards were recalled. Chi-square per cell test was used to deeply analyse the contingency table of the investigated topic categories. The results show that there is no association between the year and the number of food recalls by food products and year by physical contaminants type. However, the results indicated that there is an association between the food products and physical contaminants type. In particular, there were significant numbers of insects being found in grain and fruits/vegetables products with 15 and 53 cases, respectively. Plastic and bone fragments were significantly found in dairy and meat, poultry and seafood products, respectively with 9 and 15 cases. Glass was significantly found in wine and beverage (6 cases) and other food product (9 cases). Plastic material was highly detected in candy and confectionery product with 9 cases. The sources of the physical contaminants have been analysed, together with the precautionary measures that must be taken. Findings from this study provide the food industry with essential information. An understanding and analysis of physical hazards is critical for companies in order to restructure their food safety policies and technologies.

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