SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING SOLUTIONS FOR ORGANIC FRESH BERRIES

Elisabeta Elena TĂNASE, Adina Alexandra BAICU, Vlad Ioan POPA, Amalia Carmen MITELUȚ, Mihaela DRAGHICI, Andreea STAN, Paul Alexandru POPESCU, Mona Elena POPA

Abstract

Climate changes and particularly global warming are topics carefully treated by specialists already since decades. The most pregnant factor that influences climate change is pollution, namely the high level carbon dioxide emissions. Besides other substances used by the most of the industries (oil, charcoal, fertilizers, etc.), plastics are not to be ignored when talking about pollution. Plastic waste affects animals and humans, as well as their habitat. In this respect, food industry engages in preserving the good functioning of the environment by developing and using biodegradable and bio-based resources for food packaging. The aim of this literature review was to identify the optimal sustainable packaging solution used for berries. The results of the study pointed out that the most used environmentally friendly packaging technique is the one that involves modified atmosphere. In terms of packaging materials, the literature is limited when it comes to biodegradable/bio-based solutions. However, active packaging gains popularity among researchers, considering the endless possibilities to include sustainable compounds in a biopolymer based matrix, in order to prolong the shelf-life of berries or fruits in general.

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